War Horse ( War Horse ) is an American film of Steven Spielberg released at the end of the year 2011 in the United States. This is the adaptation of the War Horse novelbyMichael Morpurgo , himself based on his own children’s book Horse War published in 1982 in Britain .
This film pays tribute to the eight million horses sacrificed during the First World War .
Flyboys or The flight Lafayette (Quebec) is a war film American of Tony Bill released in 2006 . The film, whose story takes place during the First World War , is based on an original screenplay by Phil Sears and Blake Evans (himself taken from an authentic page of this war), and was shot in the United Kingdom. United , in the spring of 2005 .
This is a more recent adaptation of William A. Wellman’s The War ( Lafayette Escadrille ), which was released in 1958 .
Captain Conan is a French film by Bertrand Tavernier , released in 1996 . Its action takes place during and immediately after the First World War on the Balkan Front. This is an adaptationof Roger Vercel’s caption Conan of thesame name.
Gallipoli is an Australian film directed by Peter Weir , released in 1981 .
In May 1915, during the First World War , two Australian friends pledged to fight on the European Front alongside the Allies. They meet in Gallipoli , Turkey , and discover the horrors of war during the Battle of the Dardanelles . Troops, in particular, must deal with a limited and incompetent command which sends them knowingly to death.
Lawrence of Arabia ( Lawrence of Arabia ) is a British historical adventure film directed by David Lean , released in 1962 . It is inspired by the life of Thomas Edward Lawrence, whose role is played by Peter O’Toole .
Merry Christmas is a dramatic film French directed by Christian Carion , released in 2005 .
In the summer of 1914 , the First World War broke out, dragging millions of people into its whirlwind. Nikolaus Sprink has to give up a prestigious tenor career at the Berlin Operaand, moreover, can no longer see or associate with Anna Sörensen, his partner and companion.
Paths of Glory ( Paths of Glory 1 ) is a war movie American during the First World War of Stanley Kubrick , in black and white , released in 1957 , based on the eponymous book by Humphrey Cobb appeared in 1935 .
In the West, nothing new ( All Quiet on the Western Front ) is an American film directed by Lewis Milestone , released on, after the eponymous novel (original title: Im Westen nichts Neues ) by Erich Maria Remarque published in 1929 . In 1990 , In the West, nothing new is selected for the National Film Registry by the National Film Preservation Board for conservation at the US Congressional Library because of its “cultural, historical, or aesthetic significance.” “. He is considered by Martin de Bie as “a real cinematographic bomb and emblem of the commitment to peace. He is […] one of the greatest war movies with a pacifist message. » 1 .
The Way Back ( The Way Back ) is a film American co-written and directed by Peter Weir , released in 2010 . It is an adaptation (very free) of the story, itself controversial,Forced March 1 of the British writerof Polish origin Sławomir Rawicz .
The Circle of intimates (in Russian : Ближний круг , in English : The Inner Circle ) is a film of Andreï Kontchalovski in coproduction Italian-American-Soviet released in 1991 and 1992 in France. The film is based on a true story.
Reds is a movie with Warren Beatty dating back to 1981 with the stars Warren Beatty and Diane Keaton . It revolves around the life of John Reed , the communist activist,journalist , and writer who chronicled the Russian Revolution of 1917 and author of Ten Days Shocking the World(Ten Days That Shook the World) .
Warren Beatty received the Oscar for Best Director for the film. He was also nominated for Best Picture , but lost the benefit of the film Chariots of Fire ( Chariots of Fire ).
In June 2008, the American Film Institute announced its “Ten Top Ten”, the ten best American films in ten different cinematographic genres of American cinema. This ranking is done after surveying 1,500 people in the creative community. Reds is in ninth place of the best movies of the epic genre 1 .
Nicholas and Alexandra ( Nicholas and Alexandra ) is a British film directed in 1971 by Franklin J. Schaffner that tells the story of Nicholas II , the last Tsar of Russia , and his wife Alexandra from 1904 to 1918 .
The Battleship Potemkin (in Russian : Броненосец “Потёмкин” , Bronenossets “Potiomkin” ) is a silent Soviet film directed by Sergei Eisenstein , released in 1925 . It deals with the mutiny of the battleship Potemkin in the port of Odessa in 1905 , the insurrection and the repression which ensued in the city. The film was banned for a long time in many Western countries because of “Bolshevik propaganda” and “incitement to class violence”. It is considered one of the greatest propaganda filmsall time. He was chosen in 1958 as the best film of all time by 117 international critics at the Universal Exhibition of Brussels 1 , 2 . The film has entered the public domain in most countries of the world.
The Conquest is a French biographical film directed by Xavier Durringer , released onin France, the very day of his presentation at the Cannes Film Festival .
The film evokes the rise to power of Nicolas Sarkozy , from his appointment as Minister of the Interior in 2002 to his election as head of the French state in 2007 . His career is told in the style of a thriller . More generally, the film brings the spectator into the arcane world of politics made of pacts, strategy, betrayals, friendship and, sometimes, love.
Vincere 1 (in French : conquer ) is a film by Marco Bellocchio released onin Italy and presented in official competition at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival . A biographical film about Benito Mussolini and the rise of Italian fascism , Bellocchio chooses to portray his historical fresco in terms of the life of Duce’s mistress, Ida Dalser , and their adulterous son.
The wind is rising ( The Wind That Shakes the Barley , literally “the wind that shakes barley”) is a British film directed by Ken Loach and released in 2006 .
The film is about the Irish War of Independence ( 1919 – 1921 ) and the Civil War that followed ( 1922 – 1923 ). The original title, The Wind That Shakes the Barley , refers to a poem by Robert Dwyer Joyce , Irish author of the xix th century, which evokes the Irish uprising of 1798 .
Carnets de voyage ( Diarios de motocicleta ) is a Brazilian, Chilean, American, Peruvian and Argentinian film by Brazilian director Walter Salles , released in 2004 . The script is based on the books of Ernesto “Che” Guevara and Alberto Granado that tell the story of the journey through South America that the two men made in 1952 . Over the course of meetings and social injustices and misery he witnessed, the trip will radically transform the young Che Guevara. The film has been favorably received by the public and critics and has won numerous awards, includingOscar for best original song and two BAFTA Awards .
The RMS Note 1 Titanic is a British transatlantic liner of the White Star Line built at the initiative of Joseph Bruce Ismay in 1907. It was designed by architects Alexander Montgomery Carlisle and Thomas Andrews of the shipyards Harland & Wolff . Its construction began in 1909 in Belfast and ended in 1912. It was at the time the most luxurious and the largest liner ever built. He belongs to the Olympic class with his two sister ships , Olympic and Britannic . The hull ofTitanic is equipped with sixteen watertight compartments to protect the ship from waterways or major damage, giving it the reputation of being an “unsinkable” liner and, even today, the contemporary media to present it. as one of the safest ships.
Titanic is an American film directed by Jean Negulesco and released in 1953 . It tells the stories of various fictional characters during the sinking of the ship Titanic occurred on. This Hollywood blockbuster has bold special effects for the time, and won the Oscar for Best Original Screenplay . It is however little faithful to the reality, especially in comparison with Atlantic, latitude 41 ° , another film devoted to the subject , which leaves five years later.
The Fate of the Habsburgs – The tragedy of an empire (original title German : Das Schicksal derer von Habsburg ) is a silent film dramatic and historic German in black and white , directed by Rolf Raffé with Leni Riefenstahl feature, released in 1928 .
The Master of Arms ( English : Fearless ) is an American – Hong Kong film directed by Ronny Yu , released in 2006 . The film is loosely based on the life of Huo Yuanjia , a martial arts master who defies foreign fighters in high – profile events, at a time when Chinese nationalism is emerging because of Japanese imperialism that erodes the country during last years of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912), before the birth of the Republic of China .
Secretly (English title: Therese or In Secret ) is a drama American – Hungarian – Serbian , co-produced, co-written and directed by Charlie Stratton , releasedin the United States 1 . The film is directly inspired by the book Thérèse Raquin by Emile Zola .
The Widow of St. Peter is a French film directed by Patrice Leconte , released in 2000 .
The film is based on a true story of murder that took place in Saint Pierre and Miquelon in the xix th century. One of the main themes is the death penalty and rehabilitation. The refined decor, the snowy landscapes, the silences reinforce the dramatic effect. A chronological shift with the real story, places the scenes of the film 40 years before, while Napoleon III comes to power.
The film is filmed in Louisbourg and around Cape Breton .
The Story of Adèle H. is a French film by François Truffaut , released in 1975 . It is the story of an erotomania , a delusional illusion of being loved, the one that suffered the second daughter of Victor Hugo , Adele , as she described in the first two volumes of her diary , dated respectively in 1852 and 1853 and published for the first time in 1968 1and 1971 2 , by the university specialist Frances Vernor Guille.
Gone with the Wind ( Gone with the Wind ) is an American film of Victor Fleming made in 1939 1 , adapted from the homonymous novel by Margaret Mitchell published in 1936 2 . With lead actors Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh , the film tells the story of the young Scarlett O’Hara and the cynical Rhett Butler against the backdrop of the American Civil War . It also features Leslie Howard and Olivia de Havilland .
Written by screenwriter Sidney Howard and rewritten, in a hurry, including by Ben Hecht , the film has received eight Oscars including Best Picture and Best Director .
Free State of Jones is anAmerican dramaticwar moviereleased in2016. The film takes place during theAmerican Civil War. It shows the adventures of anti-slavery deserters inJones County, Mississippi. It is inspired by historical and folkloric events, including the life ofNewton Knight, leader of anagrarianinsurrectional movementat the end of the American Civil War.
Lincoln is an American historical film produced and directed by Steven Spielberg , released in 2012 . This is the adaptation of the book Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln by Doris Kearns Goodwin .
The film has been nominated twelve times at the 2013 Oscars, including best film , and its lead performer, Daniel Day-Lewis , has won the Oscar for Best Actor , as well as many other international awards.
Back to Cold Mountain ( Cold Mountain ) is an American film directed by Anthony Minghella released in 2003 ; it is from the book of the same title written by Charles Frazier in 1997. Located during the American Civil War , it tells the story of Ada who settles on a farm with his father, and Inman, a simple worker who undertakes under the flags alongside the Confederates . The day before leaving for Inman’s front, the two young people fall passionately in love.
Gettysburg is anAmerican filmdirected byRonald F. Maxwellreleased in1993. Based on a historical fact, the film traces thebattle of Gettysburgduring theCivil War intheUnited States. This film is an adaptation ofMichael Shaara’snovel, The Killer Angels published in1974,Pulitzer Prizefor a fiction novel in1975.
Dance with Wolves ( Dances with Wolves ) or Dances with Wolves in Quebec is an American film directed by Kevin Costner in 1990 1 , 2 . This is an adaptation of the novel of the same name written in 1988 by Michael Blake .
This is one of the most awarded films for a director who is also a producer and main actor of his film. Indeed, he received seven Oscars , three Golden Globes and the Silver Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival.
Glory is an American film directed by Edward Zwick , released onwhich tells the story of the voluntary 54 th Massachusetts Regiment during the Civil War . The 54 th was the first regiment composed entirely of African Americans enlisted in a northern state (without the officers) that history has instead retained the Buffalo Soldiers .
Twelve Years a Slave (typeset 12 Years a Slave ), or slave for twelve years inQuebec, is adrama historic joint British-Americanproduced and directed bySteve McQueen, released in2013.
This is the adaptation of the autobiography Twelve Years of Slavery by Solomon Northup ( 1853 ); he is played by Chiwetel Ejiofor , accompanied by Michael Fassbender and Lupita Nyong’o in secondary roles. The film is set in the America of the 1840s and tells the story of Northup, a free man African American ( ” free negro ” in English), is kidnapped and sold as a slave in a plantation in Louisiana .
Zarafa is a feature of animated French directed by Bezançon and Jean-Christophe Lie , released in 2012. The plot, loosely based on the story of the giraffe given to Charles X by Muhammad Ali in 1827, chronicles the friendship between a young boy and the giraffe, Zarafa, whom he accompanies to Paris.
The Great Attack of the Golden Train (original title: The First Great Train Robbery ) is a British film directed by Michael Crichton , released in 1979 . It is adapted from Michael Crichton’s novel A golden train for Crimea , itself inspired by the great gold flight of 1855 in the United Kingdom during the Crimean War .
The Defense of Sevastopol (Оборона Себастополя) is a historic Russian silent film released in 1911 that traces the defense of the port of Sevastopol by Russian troops during the Crimean War . This is the first feature film released in Russia . It is presented in preview to the Emperor Nicholas II at his palace of Livadia in Crimea , October 26, 1911.
Victoria: The Young Years a Queen ( The Young Victoria ) is a movie historic Anglo – American directed by Jean-Marc Vallée and released in 2009 , with Emily Blunt , Rupert Friend and Paul Bettany . This film traces the life of Queen Victoria of England , from her accession to the throne to her union with Prince Albert of Saxe – Coburg – Gotha . It was co-produced by Martin Scorsese and the Duchess of York .
From Hell (or Released from hell inQuebec) is athriller Americandirected byAlbert and Allen Hughes, released in2001. It is the adaptation of acomic stripofAlan MooreandEddie Campbell, which received the price of the criticism inAngoulêmein2001.
Elephant Man (original title: The Elephant Man ) is a British – American film directed by David Lynch and released in 1980 .
This black and white film is a fictionalized adaptation of the memoirs of Frederick Treves , the doctor who took over Joseph Merrick , nicknamed ” Elephant Man ” because of his many deformities. In the film, the character bears the name “John” Merrick, according to the wrong name in the memories of Treves.
The Young Years of a Queen ( Mädchenjahre einer Königin ) is an Austrian film directed by Ernst Marischka and released in 1954 .
Although it describes a different dynasty, this film is often a prelude to the Sissi saga , which will take the same style, the same sets, the same director, and the same actors in almost similar roles.
This is a remake of the German film Mädchenjahre einer Königin directed by Erich Engel in 1936 .
Mayerling is a Franco – British film by Terence Young, released in 1968 . It traces the tragic love story of the archduke Rudolph of Austria – played by Omar Sharif – and his mistress Marie Vetsera – interpreted by Catherine Deneuve – link that leads to the drama of Mayerling .
Master and Commander : the other side of the world or Master and Commander: the other side of the world toCanadaFrench (Master and Commander: The Far Side of the Worldin the original version) is amovieAmerican directed byPeter Weirout in2003, inspired by the volumes Master on board , The Surprise , War Fortune , On the other side of the world , The Letter from Mark drawn from the series of 21 historical and maritime novels, The Aubreyades , written by the British novelistPatrick O’Brian.
Mr N. is a film of Antoine de Caunes , released in 2003 . The story is devoted to the exile to St. Helena and the death of Napoleon and the interrogations that followed.
The opening of the film takes place 19 years later during the exhumation of his tomb on the island, prelude to the return of the ashes of Napoleon to the necropolis of the hotel des Invalides (December 15, 1840 ).
Colonel Chabert is a short novel by Honoré de Balzac , which appears in its final form in 1844 1 , a first version of the text having appeared in 1832 (under the title The Transaction in the magazine L’Artiste ). It will be again serialized in the literary supplement of the Constitutional in 1847 .
He enters the scenes of the private life of The Human Comedy of which he is one of the leading novels. It is dedicated to Ida du Chasteler , who drew for Balzac the imaginary emblems of the families of La Comédie humaine .
War and Peace( War and Peace ) is an American – Italian historical film of war of King Vidor released in 1956 with Audrey Hepburn , her husband Mel Ferrer and Henry Fondaafter the novel War and Peace of Leo Tolstoy of 1865 .
Marie Walewska ( Conquest ) is an American film of Clarence Brown with Greta Garbo , released in 1937 , shot in the castle of Finckenstein in West Prussia , place of love ofNapoleon and Countess Walewska .
Napoleon is the title of a French historical film , directed by Abel Gance , originally released in 1927 , whose title on the screen is Napoleon seen by Abel Gance . The film is also referenced in many books under the title Napoleon Bonaparte , taking the title of the sound version of 1935 .
Farewell to the Queen is a French film written and directed by Benoît Jacquot , released in 2012 .
The film, presented at the opening of the Berlinale 2012 1 , is an adaptation of the eponymous novel by Chantal Thomas . It focuses on the chronicle of court life at the Palace of Versailles between the 14th andat the moment when, after the taking of the Bastille , the inhabitants, noblemen as servants, flee this “golden prison”.
The Lady and the Duke is a movie Franco – German of Eric Rohmer released in 2001 . It is an adaptation of Grace Elliott’s memoirsin which the author, an English aristocrat living in Paris close to Philippe Égalité , tells the story of how she lived the French Revolution . After La Marquise d’O … (1976) and Perceval the Welsh (1978), it is the third historical film of Éric Rohmer .
For the first time, Eric Rohmer uses digital. He uses an innovative way by asking a painter to produce paintings faithfully representing the Paris of the late xviii th century and using these paintings as a backdrop for outdoor scenes filmed on a green background.
Les Chouans is a novel by Honoré de Balzac published in 1829 by Urbain Canel .
Begun in the autumn of 1828 and almost finished at Fougeres , in the house of General Gilbert de Pommereul , who was the guest of Balzac and who always remained his friend, the novel was first entitled The Guy , then The Chouans or Brittany thirty years ago , before becoming provisionally The Last Chouan . The first edition in 1829 in Urban finally bore the title The Last Chouan or Brittany in 1800 , a reference to the Last of the Mohicans by James Cooper , published three years 1 . In 1834, at Editions Vimont, the title changed again for Les Chouans or Brittany in 1799 . In the Furne edition of 1845 , Les Chouans appears in volume xiii of La Comédie humaine in the Scenes section of the military life .
Marie Antoinette is a film written and directed by Sofia Coppola based on Antonia Fraser ‘s bookand released in 2006 . He is very inspired by the life of Marie Antoinette ,Archduchess of Austria , Dauphine and Queen of France , by her marriage to the future Louis XVI , King of France . The film covers – in a very personal version – his biography of1 to the revolutionary days of October 1789 .
The film was competing for the Palme d’Or at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival .
The Last of the Mohicans ( The Last of the Mohicans ) is an American film directed by Michael Mann , released in 1992 . It is the film adaptation of the eponymous novel byJames Fenimore Cooper published in 1826 , but with several changes made, which modify the original story.
Dangerous Liaisons , subtitled Letters collected in a society and published for the instruction of some others , is an epistolary novel written by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos and published in 1782 .
This major literary work of the xviii th century , which tells the evil duo of two noble manipulators, rakes and libertines of the Enlightenment , is considered a masterpiece of French literature, although it fell in a quasi -oubli during most of the xix th century before being rediscovered in the early xx th . Novel inscribed in the tradition of libertinism of morals illustrated by Crebillon son , novel of psychological analysis in the line of the New Heloise ofJean-Jacques Rousseau , he brings to a degree of perfection the epistolary form: no element is gratuitous, each letter writer has his style and the polyphony of crossed correspondences constructs a drama in four stages with a morally ambiguous conclusion 1 , which continues to fascinate the reader and to encourage many adaptations.
Amadeus is an American film directed by Miloš Forman , released in 1984 , and taken again in 2002 in a director’s cut lengthened version of twenty minutes. Adapted from thehomonymous play by Peter Shaffer , who also signs the script for the film, the story is freely inspired by a short play by Pushkin , Mozart and Salieri (1830).
The film was nominated for 53 awards and received 40, including eight Oscars (including the Oscar for Best Picture ), four British Academy Film Awards , four Golden Globes , and a DGA Award . In 1998, the American Film Institute ranked Amadeus 53 th on its top 100 films.
Barry Lyndon is an Anglo – American historical film written and directed by Stanley Kubrick and released in 1975 . It is adapted from the picaresque novel , Memoirs of Barry Lyndon , William Makepeace Thackeray 1 .
With the lead roles including Ryan O’Neal and Marisa Berenson , the film depicts the fate of a young intriguing Irish penniless in the sumptuous English society of the xviii th century , its social ascent full of audacity and wickedness 2 After marrying a lady who will bring him a considerable fortune and give him a son, to his decay.
Let the party begin … is a French historical film directed by Bertrand Tavernier , released in 1975 , with Philippe Noiret , Jean Rochefort and Jean-Pierre Marielle . The film is set in the xviii th century during the period of the regency and puts particular scene in the true story of the conspiracy Pontcallec .
Jack Conway (sometimes credited John Conway ) is a director , actor and producer American bornin Graceville in Minnesota and diedin Los Angeles in the neighborhood of Pacific Palisades in California ( USA ).
The Red Empress (The Scarlet Empress) is an American film directed by Josef von Sternberg , released in 1934 . The film is the sixth of the Marlene Dietrich couple- Josef von Sternberg, after The Blue Angel and Burning Hearts in 1930 , Agent X 27 (1931) , Shanghai Express (1932) and Blonde Venus (1933) .
Molière is a French film by Laurent Tirard released in 2007 .
This comedy exploits a period in the life of Molière which we know nothing before the big successes to come: ideal to embroider a colorful story where many pieces, today classic, are present “in situation” in the life of the future recognized author.
Jean de La Fontaine, the challenge is a French film directed by Daniel Vigne , released in 2007 .
September 5, 1661 : Fouquet , the powerful minister of the king, is arrested by order of Jean-Baptiste Colbert ; the young Louis XIV becomes sole master of the kingdom. While the other artists rush to the service of the divine right monarch, only one of them rises to affirm his support for the deposed superintendent: the artist Jean de La Fontaine . Colbert swore to bend the rebel who places art above the king.
Even in misery, La Fontaine will never give up his beliefs. He resists, amuses himself, observes, writes fables, murderous pamphlets against a despotic regime in full decadence.
Vatel is a Franco-British-Belgian film directed by Roland Joffé , released in 2000 . It tells the efforts of François Vatel , butler of the house Condé, to restore the good graces of King Louis XIV on his master.
The D’Artagnan’s Daughter is a swashbuckler film French directed by Bertrand Tavernier , released in 1994 with Sophie Marceau , Philippe Noiret and Claude Rich . The script is inspired by the two novels Les Trois Mousquetaires and his sequel Twenty years after by Alexandre Dumas
Louis, enfant roi is a French film directed by Roger Planchon , released in cinemas on April 20, 1993 .
The film follows the events of the Fronde from 1648 to 1652 with precision while remaining very theatrical (Planchon being a man of theater). The story is presented through the role of Philip (brother of the king), both protagonist and narrator of the story.
Every morning in the world is a French film directed by Alain Corneau and released on the screens in 1991 . It comes from the eponymous novel written by Pascal Quignard , which traces the life of the French composer of the xvii th century, Marin Marais , and its relations with other contemporary composer, Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe .
Angelique and the Sultan is a movie Franco – German – italiano – Tunisian of Bernard Borderie , released in 1968 . It follows Indomitable Angelique and closes the series of five films of which Angélique is the heroine.
The Poison Case is a Franco – Italian film , directed by Henri Decoin , released on the screens in 1955 .
This film reconstructs the famous Poison Case that made headlines in the late 1670s . To write the scenario, which is strictly true to the truth, the authors relied on the authentic archives of the Bastille: they contain the summaries of the interrogations of the trials and the notes taken by the Lieutenant-General of Police, Mr. de the Reynie.
Captain Alatriste ( Alatriste in original version) is a Spanish adventure film , directed by Agustín Díaz Yanes , with Viggo Mortensen , Elena Anaya , Eduardo Noriega andAriadna Gil , in 2006 . It is the adaptation of the series of historical novels The Adventures of Captain Alatriste by Arturo Pérez-Reverte , consisting of seven books published between 1996 and 2012 and about the adventures of Diego Alatriste, soldier and mercenary in the service of King Philip IV Spain in the xvii th century.
The film was released on in Spain , thein the United States and thein France . He received a mixed reception in the press in France and the United States. The film has won several Goyas awards .
Cyrano de Bergerac is a French film directed by Jean-Paul Rappeneau and released in 1990 . This is an adaptation of the play Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand , withGerard Depardieu in the title role. Directed by Jean-Claude Carrière and Jean-Paul Rappeneau, the adaptation shortens the original text in some places, while enriching the stage and the action, and adding many scenes, usually dumb, that do not appear in the room.
Gérard Depardieu’s film and performance have won numerous awards, most notably at the Césars of 1991, which for the most part were awarded to them.
Ceddo is a Franco – Senegalese film written and directed by Ousmane Sembène , released in 1977 1 .
Ceddo is a key film in the work of filmmaker Ousmane Sembène . This film in costume tells an important episode in the history of West Africa . He signs the refusal of a cinema of misery 2 . It is a political film that shows the popular resistance to religious oppression. The film was censored in Senegal between 1979 and 1984 by President Léopold Sédar Senghor under the pretext that Ceddo only takes one d 3 , 4 .
1492: Conquest ( 1492: Conquest of Paradise ) is a movie Franco – britannico – Spanish , directed by Ridley Scott and written by Roselyne Bosch , releasedto celebrate the 500 th anniversary of the European ” discovery ” of America by explorer Christopher Columbus .